Farming Practices of Oyster Farmers in Panay, Capiz, Philippines

Ianthe Marie P. Benliro, Napoleon P. Albor, Jr., Ronel o. Reproto


Oyster farming has been practiced in the Municipality of Panay for a long time, however, the practices and other aspects of oyster farming have not been documented; hence this study characterized the oyster farmers and described their practices. The data gathered include demographic profile, traditional knowledge system; gender roles of men, women, and children; economic activities, particularly of the women pertaining to oyster culture. Focus group discussion and interviews were conducted with 28 of the 33 oyster farmers using purposive sampling. Informants were earning below minimum wage and homogeneous in demographic characteristics. The broadcast method of oyster farming was the common practice of the farmers. Roles of both men and women were significant in the socio-economic activities of the farmers. They consider their oyster farm as a family enterprise where the couple equally contribute and children are involved in minor tasks. However, men have other sources of income such as fishing. Generally, the families are poor and dependent on the sea for their income and therefore are affected by climatic conditions and dwindling stocks. Both men and women consider oyster farming as a regular activity and means of living. Their artisanal farming practices provide not only income but also a sense of purpose to women and a sense of cohesiveness to the community.


Capiz, coastal community, oyster farming, oyster farmers

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