Indigenous Knowledge System and Practices on Arts and Crafts of Indigenous Peoples in Capiz, Philippines

Leo Andrew B. Biclar, Louis Placido F. Lachica, Adelfo Z. Virtudazo, Rector John A. Latoza

Abstract


This study explored the Indigenous Knowledge System and Practices (IKSP) on arts and crafts of the indigenous peoples such as the Panay Bukidnon and the Ati in Capiz, Philippines. Using the qualitative research design, nine (9) informants from three (3) communities (Dumarao, Jamindan, and Tapaz) were purposively chosen based on the three-generation test by Manuel (1955). Fieldwork, observations, informal and key informant interviews, and documentary and photographic analysis were used. Verbatim data transcripts were analyzed using the general inductive approach (Thomas, 2006) and in vivo coding technique. IKSP on arts and crafts were intended to protect natural disasters, clothing and accessories, livelihood, and crafts for food. Both indigenous peoples claimed they inherited indigenous knowledge from their ancestors, which could be passed on to the next generation and reflects their identity as people. Development improves the quality of life, it creates changes in society, and it is economically driven. The indigenous peoples in Capiz have rich indigenous knowledge of arts and crafts.

Keywords


Indigenous Arts and crafts, indigenous knowledge system and practices, indigenous peoples in Capiz

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