Knowledge, Attitudes, And Practices on Environment of the Indigenous Peoples in Capiz, Philippines

Leo Andrew B. Biclar, Louis Placido F. Lachica, Nida T. Gavino, Stephanie S. Pimentel, Rector John A. Latoza

Abstract


Indigenous knowledge systems and practices (IKSP) are vital in maintaining equilibrium in the physical, socioeconomic, and cultural ecosystem. Hence, this study documented and recorded Panay Bukidnon and Ati's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) for the environment in Capiz, Philippines, specifically forestry, agriculture, and upland fishing; and crafted alternative policies for dissemination. The researchers used ethnographic research design through fieldwork in the indigenous peoples’ communities Jamindan, Dumarao and Tapaz, Capiz from June 2016 to December 2017. The research team engaged informants in informal interviews and participation, videography, and observations. The six (6) informants were chosen using the criteria of Manuel (1955) on a three-generation test to triangulate the data. The IP communities still practice indigenous knowledge on cosmology with nature, beliefs on forest conservation, kaingin system (slash-and-burn farming), farming and fishing rituals, and traditions on community linkages. However, the attitudes of the informants vary on the practice of the kaingin system. The concept of communal law served as the framework in formulating alternative environmental policies to be disseminated in the communities. The recordings of knowledge, attitudes, and practices are significant in preserving and conserving the indigenous peoples’ natural resources.

Keywords


Indigenous people, indigenous knowledge system and practices, indigenous belief, Indigenous Practices

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